What Are Blood Clots?

A blood clot, also known as a thrombus, is a blood clot or clot. Clotting is very important, and scarring can heal a skin wound, for example, blood clots in the arteries or veins can be dangerous and can even be life threatening if it blocks the flow of blood to vital organs, including the heart. , Lungs and brain.

Blood Clot Symptoms

 The signs and symptoms of blood clots depend on whether the clot is in an artery or vein and where the body is located. For example, a clot in an artery can develop from moderate to severe pain. If a vein is affected, the pain will be mild and increase in severity over a period of hours or days.

Any blood clot may cause swelling, tingling, tenderness, or a feeling of warmth.

If the arteries leading to the brain are blocked, neurological symptoms such as confusion or paralysis can occur. A blood clot in the leg may be significantly larger than the other leg and may be a sign of DVT. If a blood clot forms in the coronary arteries, symptoms of a heart attack - such as stiffness in the chest or arms, dizziness - can occur.



Management Treatment

Although some people can have surgery, prescriptions are the most important thing in preventing and treating blood clots. Drugs that treat blood clots include:


  1. Antibiotic drugs: These prevent one or more clotting factors, a group of blood proteins responsible for blood clotting.
  2. Platelet drugs: These ations are used to reduce the "stickiness" of platelets, the tiny blood element that makes up the nucleus of a blood clot. These drugs prevent the blood from clotting by preventing the platelets from colliding.
  3. Thrombolytic drugs: These potent drugs are also known as fibrinolytic agents or "coagulants". For the most part, their use is limited to patients within the first few hours of a severe heart attack or stroke in an attempt to reopen blocked arteries and prevent permanent tissue damage.

Reasons

All injuries damage the blood vessels. When you have a bruise, it is due to damage to the blood vessels causing the blood to leak and become visible under the skin. There is a clot in the blood vessels. Without this process, minor injuries can cause uncontrolled bleeding.


Blood clotting is made up of two elements: platelets and fibrin. Platelets are cells produced in the bone marrow that travel throughout the bloodstream. When bleeding occurs, the platelets become sticky, allowing them to stick to each other and to the walls of the blood vessels.


Fibrin is a long, sticky thread-like substance. Fibrin fibers attach to the walls of blood vessels and form a web-like complex that attaches to red blood cells. A blood clot consists of platelets and fibrin fibers as well as trapped red blood cells. The fibrin fibers bind to the plate and tighten the clot so that it is stable.

The freezing mechanism can cause clots to form in harmful ways. This is called thrombosis.

If a blood clot blocks the arteries to the heart, the result can be a heart attack. If blood clots in the brain, the result can be a stroke.

The arteries become smaller as they travel away from the heart and therefore a clot that starts near the heart will eventually stay in a smaller vessel. This prevents oxygenated blood from entering any area fed by the arteries. For example, the most common form of stroke is embolic stroke, in which blood clots travel to the brain and starve brain tissue of blood and oxygen.

On the other hand, veins are large when they return blood to the heart, so blood clots in the veins can travel to the heart and pump into the lungs, creating a life-threatening condition. Pulmonary embolism. Can often lodge in the blood vessels of the legs; When this happens it is called deep vein thrombosis (DVT).




There are a number of risk factors that can make you prone to developing a dangerous blood clot,

1.        Management Heart attack


2.        Management Obesity

3.        Peripheral arterial disease

4.        Pregnancy

5.        Long sitting or bed rest

6.        I smoke

7.        Surgery

8.        Atherosclerosis, a buildup of plaque in the arteries

9.        Certain genetic disorders, such as factor V Leiden mutation (FVL)

10.     Certain medications, such as oral contraceptives and hormone therapy drugs

11.     Heart arrhythmias (heart rhythm problems)

12.     Heart failure

13.     Obesity

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