Symptoms of Head Trauma Care

If you suspect that someone has had an accident and injured your head, neck or spine, always call 911 immediately. As long as the injured person is no longer at risk of injury, do not move the person, as their injuries may worsen.

The signs and symptoms of a head injury depend on the severity of the trauma and what structures the face and head are affected by. Some signs you can see and other signs you can't see.

When emergency workers arrive, they will assess the situation and often immobilize the victim.

What do medical providers expect?

Once the patient is stable, the entire head is examined for cuts, torn tissue, bleeding, and other soft tissue damage. Are the eyes protruding? Or are they sunk behind the skull? Is there anything that interferes with breathing through the nose and mouth? Are the bones of the face and skull broken?

Signs and symptoms of traumatic brain injury caused by a concussion may appear or develop over time. These signals depend on which part of the brain is damaged and whether there is bleeding under the skull and inside the brain.

Symptoms that occur after a head concussion

Loss of consciousness and / or misalignment after a concussion are common.

After a mild traumatic brain injury, there may be loss of consciousness or only minutes. You may also experience mild confusion or confusion.

Loss of consciousness lasting 1 to 24 hours is often classified as a mild brain injury.2 Amnesia can occur without memory of what happened before or after the concussion.

When a person is unconscious for more than 24 hours after a concussion, it is considered a severe head injury.

The difference between focal and diffuse symptoms

Focal brain damage occurs in a limited and focused area of ​​the brain. Modern medicine knows what controls every area of ​​the brain so it is easy to predict what kind of signs and symptoms will develop.

For example, damage to an area controlled by vision can make a predictable difference in the way one sees it. Damage to the lingual area of ​​the brain can cause difficulty speaking.

When head injury causes diffuse damage to the brain, it becomes more difficult to predict what types of symptoms will develop. Scattered lesions are scattered throughout the brain tissue, and microscopic damage to neurons in the brain interferes with normal synaptic flow.

There are specialized ists that understand these types of injuries and conduct in-depth follow-up tests so that the right treatment can be prescribed.

Many common signs and symptoms

Signs and symptoms of head trauma affect everything from controlling body function to sensory, physical movement, and environmental sensitivity.

Changes in cognition


  • Ability to concentrate
  • Memory
  • Controlling impulses
  • Focusing
  • Making good decisions
  • Think critically and identify facts


Sensory symptoms


  1. Visual impairment, difficulty concentrating
  2. Hearing problems
  3. Change to 4 odors, loss
  4. Taste disturbances
  5. Modified tactile sensations
  6. Cognition of pain, heat, cold changes
  7. Difficulty in perceiving the position of the body in space


Physical symptoms


  • Inability to control fine motor movements5
  • Walking and maintaining balance
  • Difficulty controlling bowel or bladder
  • Spasticity
  • Captures
  • Management Paralysis
  • Sexual dysfunction


Psychosocial symptoms


  1. The mood swings
  2. Changes in personality
  3. Irritability and anger
  4. Difficulties controlling emotions, emotional outbursts
  5. Management Depression
  6. Loss of a sense of negativity


Other changes


  • Insomnia
  • Fatigue
  • Management Headache


Progression of signs and symptoms

Trauma and brain injury cause very complex symptoms that require special medical intervention, rehabilitation and follow-up. The good news is that the brain has an amazing ability to heal, heal and discover new ways of learning. This is called brain plasticity.

Getting medical help as soon as possible after a trauma can improve long-term results. Call 911 whenever you suspect head, neck or spinal concussion. Remember. It is always better to make mistakes on the side of caution.

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