What Is Kidney Cancer?

Types of kidney cancers

There are several types of kidney cancer, including:

v Kidney cell cancer: The most common form of kidney cancer is kidney cell cancer, which is reported in 9 out of 10 patients with kidney cancer.

v Transgenic cell carcinoma: Transgenic cell carcinoma accounts for about 7% of kidney cancers. They originate from the same cells that cause cancer of the bladder, and transgenic cell carcinoma is considered to be more common than bladder cancer.

v Wilms tumor: Wilms tumor is a cancer that usually develops in childhood and is relatively common among childhood cancers.

v Kidney Sarcoma: Kidney sarcoma is a rare tumor that starts in the connective tissue of the kidneys.

Kidney Cancer Symptoms 

Unfortunately, kidney cancer does not show symptoms until the disease progresses. In fact, the most common sign of kidney cancer is low red blood cell count (anemia). When symptoms occur, some of these may include:

v  Blood in the urine can be seen either after urination or under a microscope
v  Abdominal mass (lateral mass)
v  Side or lower back pain (marginal region)
v  Bamboo
v  Management High blood pressure
v  Unintentional weight loss


Researchers have identified several risk factors for kidney cancer. Some of these include: 4

v  Age: The risk of kidney cancer increases with age and most kidney cell cancers are over 40 years of age. (In contrast, Wilm's tumor is more common in children.)
v  Sex: Kidney cancer is more common in men than women.
v  Competition: Kidney cancer is relatively common among blacks and American Indians.
v  Smoking: People who smoke have a higher risk of developing kidney cancer.
v  Occupation: Exposure to Asbestos, Benzene and Other Chemicals and Substances in the Workplace
v  Management Obesity
v  A family history of kidney cancer or some genetic syndrome
v  Some medications

Management Treatment

Treatment for kidney cancer depends on the stage of the disease as well as your general health, the location of the kidney cancer and many other factors.

Most people with kidney cancer will have some form of surgery. People with early-stage kidney cancer are the best candidates for surgery, but kidney cancer is one of the few tumor cancers that can be treated with advanced metastatic disease (stage 4).

Surgery is the treatment of choice for most kidney cancers, 7 This can be difficult for the elderly or those with serious medical conditions. For those who do not tolerate surgery, treatment options such as cryosurgery (freezing a tumor) or radiation frequency ablation (burning a tumor) may be an option.

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