The Anatomy of the Conjunctiva

Conjunctiva is the white part of the eye and the clear tissue that covers the inside of the eye. The eye normally requires a healthy cognition to function, which helps to create the right environment for the cornea, which is responsible for focusing on most of the light that enters the eye. It helps to protect the eye by eliminating foreign objects and microorganisms. It also helps maintain the tear film.


Conjunctivitis is divided into three parts: bulbar conjunctivitis, pelvic conjunctivitis and phoenix conjunctivitis. Bulbar conjunctiva covers the anterior part of the sclera (white of the eye). It does not cover the cone. The palpable conjunctiva covers the inner surface of the upper and lower eyelids. Since both the bulb and the palpable conjunctiva remain intact, a contact lens behind your eye cannot be lost. The phoenix forms the junction between the conjunctiva bulb and the palpable conjunctiva. Its flexibility allows the eyebrows and eyelashes to move freely.

The primary function of the conjunctiva is to moisturize and lubricate the anterior surface of the eye. This keeps the inner surface of the eyelids moist and lubricated so that they can be easily opened and closed without irritating the eyes. Another function of the conjunctiva is to protect the eye from dust, debris and microorganisms that can cause infections. Because it contains many small blood vessels, conjunctiva has the ability to deliver important nutrients to the eyes and eyelids. It also contains special cells that work with the tear film to prevent dry eye syndrome.
Related conditions

Several conditions affect the normal functioning of the conjunctiva. Because the surface of the eye is exposed, it is prone to many problems including infections, trauma, allergic reactions and dryness. The following are common cognitive disorders:
Injected conjunctiva

Injected conjunctivitis is bleeding eyes. Conjunctivitis is a condition in which the blood vessels in the eyes become red. Symptoms may include redness, pain, burning, and itching.

Hemorrhagic hemorrhage

Subconjunctival hemorrhage is bleeding in the eye. Bleeding inside the eye can cause a small redness or a large area of ​​red blood. If you ever experience subconjunctival hemorrhage, you know the condition can be dangerous. The hemorrhage will look like a bright red blood stain on the white part of your eye. A subarachnoid hemorrhage is usually benign and the visible blood appears as a remnant of a simple ruptured blood vessel. 3 As the leaking blood spreads under the conjunctiva, the white of the eye takes on a bright red color. This type of red eye, more accurately known as subconjunctival hemorrhage, is not harmful and usually resolves on its own within a few weeks.

Management Composite lymphoma

Conjunctival lymphoma is a tumor that usually appears as a painless, salmon-pink, "fleshy" patch. Cognitive lymphoma is usually hidden behind the eyelid and is painless. They are usually detected during a routine eye examination. If you notice any growth in your eye, see an ophthalmologist immediately. Biopsy will determine the appropriate treatment.

Combined hemangiomas

Cognitive hemangiomas are tufts of extra blood vessels that develop in the white part of the eye. Cognitive hemangiomas are tufts of extra blood vessels that commonly occur in children. If a patient wishes, it can be surgically removed for cosmetic reasons or if it causes irritation.


Conjunctivochalasis (CCh) is an age-related disorder of the conjunctiva. It is characterized by folds of conjunctiva that normally develop between the eye and the eyeball. 6 Folds along the margin of the lower lid are common and interfere with normal tear distribution. This condition can lead to dry eye diseases. Treatment may include tear substitutes, lubricants, corticosteroids, or antihistamine drops. For more advanced symptoms, treatment may include surgical conjunctival resection and amniotic membrane transplantation.


Sometimes the conjunctiva becomes swollen and swollen. This condition is called chemistry. Symptoms include excessive tearing of the eyes, itchy eyes, and double or blurred vision. Here are some common causes for chemotherapy: 8

Allergies: The root cause of chemo is irritation. Many people suffer from seasonal allergies or allergies to pets and often cause eye irritation. Animal deficiency and pollen can cause your eyes to get watery, red, or develop discharge. This condition is called allergic conjunctivitis.
Infections: Bacterial or viral infections often lead to conjunctivitis. These infections can cause redness, itching and watery eyes. Infections are contagious but chemical symptoms alone cannot be transmitted.
Eye Surgery: Surgery for the eyes or eyes often leads to the development of chemistry. Symptoms usually last only a few days and are treated with eye drops, cold compresses or temporary eye patches.
Hyperthyroidism: A disorder of the thyroid gland that causes the thyroid gland to overproduce hormones. This condition can lead to chemical disease and can cause eye disorders such as swelling of the eyes, pale eyes, and recurrence.
Excessive rubbing: Touching, rubbing or scratching the eyes is a common cause of chemistry. Doing so can cause irritation and damage to the eyes.
Treatment for chemotherapy depends on the cause, but ophthalmologists usually prescribe lubricating eye drops, cold compresses, eye drops, corticosteroids, anti-inflammatory drugs, antihistamines, adrenaline or epinephrine. Conjunctivoplasty is another treatment option that involves making a small incision into the conjunctiva and removing the excess membrane. This procedure can be recommended in cases of prolonged swelling and irritation.

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