Types of thyroid cancer


Thyroid cancer is one of the least deadly and most deadly cancers. It is more common in young people than other cancers, three times more common in women than in men. The average age of diagnosis is 45 to 54.

Finding a lump or swelling in your neck can lead to a diagnosis. A nostril that can be found during a routine physical examination or an ultrasound of a structure near your thyroid gland. Some have no symptoms while others have pain, enlarged lymph nodes and others. Treatment for surgery and hormone replacement therapy is more likely, but other alternatives may be used.

Distribution
According to the American Cancer Society, nearly 54,000 people in the United States will be diagnosed with thyroid cancer this year, and that number has risen in recent years. In fact, thyroid cancer is the fastest growing cancer in the United States.

The “why” behind the rise in thyroid cancer is largely due to an increase in the use of thyroid ultrasound, which can identify small thyroid glands that have not been detected in the past, according to a study by Jama

In other words, over-diagnosis is a problem, and imaging techniques (such as ultrasound) and fine-needle aspirin biopsies are beginning to identify small thyroid cancers (less than 2 cm) that do not require immediate symptoms or treatment. .

Types of thyroid cancer
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland at the base of your neck that produces hormones that help regulate your blood pressure, temperature, heart rate and weight.

There are four main types of thyroid cancer.

Papillary or mixed papillary-folic thyroid cancer (about 80% of patients)
Follicular or Hurthle cell thyroid cancer (about 13% of patients)
Medullary thyroid cancer (about 4% of patients)
Anaplastic thyroid cancer (about 2% of patients)
Low thyroid cancers include thyroid lymphoma, thyroid sarcoma and other rare cancers.
Symptoms of thyroid cancer
Some people with thyroid cancer have no symptoms at all, while others may have a lump in the front of their neck. Other symptoms may include:


  1. A sore throat
  2. Enlarged lymph nodes
  3. Management Swelling
  4. Thyroid gland
  5. Rough and voice
If thyroid cancer is active in your family, you may want to have your neck checked for lumps from time to time. As you get older, you are more likely to have noodles in your thyroid gland, but some of these noodles are cancerous. If you notice a lump in your thyroid gland, make an appointment to see your doctor.

Reasons
No one knows exactly what causes thyroid cancer, but in some cases it may be due to hereditary conditions such as familial medullary thyroid cancer, familial adenomatous polyposis, Cowden's disease, type 1 canine complex, and non-familial medullary thyroid cancer. Other instances are caused by mutations in your genes that occur over time.

Low iodine levels and radiation exposure are important risk factors

Diagnosis
You can check for thyroid glands or nodules at home, but most of them are too small to feel or see. Thyroid cancer is usually diagnosed by a series of tests and laboratories.

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