What Is High Blood Pressure ?

Hypertension, which is a chronic high blood pressure, is a more common medical problem. High blood pressure usually has no symptoms and is not always detected at an early stage. It is a leading cause of heart attack, stroke, kidney disease and other serious medical problems.

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It is important for everyone to have their blood pressure checked periodically. If you have high blood pressure, you can work closely with your doctor to find an effective treatment.

Symptoms of high blood pressure
Most people with high blood pressure develop symptoms only when their condition is advanced enough to worsen.

In many cases, the first sign of high blood pressure is a sudden heart attack or stroke. This is why high blood pressure is often referred to as the "silent silent killer".

Hypertension is classified based on how high your blood pressure is. Stage: 

Stage 1 hypertension: systolic pressure 130 to 139 mmHg or diastolic pressure 80 to 89 mmHg
Stage 2 hypertension: systolic pressure greater than 139 mmHg or diastolic pressure greater than 89 mmHg
Pre-hypertension tends to be higher than the normal range, but not high enough to be labeled as hypertension.

Symptoms of pre-hypertension and stages 1 and 2 hypertension are rare. If you experience symptoms, they may include:

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Nausea, vomiting
Shortness of breath
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Fatal hypertension
In addition to this type of hypertension, high blood pressure has a rare, severe form called hypertension.

Damage to these acute organs can result from rupture of blood vessels when exposed to a very low blood supply or a sudden increase in blood pressure. , Or arokota.

Symptoms may include:

Loss of consciousness
Chest pain
Shortness of breath
Vision changes
Weakness, tingling or numbness in the face, arms or legs
Fatal hypertension is always a medical emergency and requires aggressive intensive medical treatment.
The pressure exerted by the heart pushes the blood forward and lengthens the elastic walls of the arteries. 8 When the heart muscle relaxes between heartbeats, the artery walls fall back to their original shape and blood continues to the body's tissues. With high blood pressure, the pressure in the arteries is high and eventually the blood vessels are damaged.

Causes of high blood pressure are generally divided into two general categories:

Primary hypertension without an unknown cause is also known as essential hypertension
Secondary hypertension is caused by an underlying medical problem
The vast majority of people with high blood pressure have essential hypertension

Primary hypertension
There are several risk factors for developing high blood pressure

The most common are age, male gender, obesity, and elevated cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Women are more likely to develop high blood pressure after menstruation. High blood pressure is more common and severe in African Americans and among people with a family history

Secondary hypertension
Secondary hypertension can be caused by kidney disease; Sleep breathing; contour of aorta; Diseases of the blood vessels supplying the kidneys; Various endocrine gland disorders; Use of oral contraceptives; Smoking; Drinking more than two drinks a day; Chronic use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); And antidepressant use12

Excess salt consumption is an important factor in the development of high blood pressure for many people.

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